When you’re looking for employment, you’ll probably notice that the company hiring will either ask for a CV or resume attached with the application. Of course, you probably have a resume or CV ready to go, but do you actually know the difference between the two? If you didn’t know there was a difference, well, it’s time you did as this could be what’s preventing you from getting the job you want.
What is a CV?
A Curriculum Vitae, more commonly known as a CV, which is Latin for “the course of life” is probably a term you’ve heard being thrown around in the job hunting world. But, what is it exactly? A CV is geared more towards professional use, for example, graduate students. A CV is a comprehensive document which contains, in details, your education, publications, awards, achievements, and volunteer work. This document, unlike a resume, can be several pages long, depending on the number of your professional achievements. For example, if you researched extensively on a specific topic, much of your CV will revolve around your publications, presentations, and acknowledgements.
Is a CV only for academic purposes?
Though we used academics as an example for CVs, this doesn’t limit the use of one to that specific field. Academics are not the only people who can use a CV. In fact, regardless of the field you’re applying in, they may specifically ask you for a CV rather than a resume. For instance, much of Europe requires a CV when applying for jobs and government documents such as a visa.
What is a resume?
In essence, the main difference between a CV and a resume is the length. A resume is typically no longer than one page which summarizes your employment, education, and achievements. The goal of a resume is to allow the reader to skim through it easily, seeing your highlighted skills and qualities. A resume doesn’t have to cover your entire employment history, rather with a resume, you tailor it to the job you’re applying for.
Resumes can be tailored
Unlike CVs, resumes can be tailored depending on the job you’re applying for. In the case of CVs, the information on the document doesn’t change, it’s more of a chronological story of your entire career and education. A resume, on the other hand, can be switched around, taken out, put in, and is designed to show your best qualities in conjunction with the job you’re applying for. Of course, you’ll be able to find a sample resume online to help you understand the structure and layout.
Which one should you use?
You may be wondering which one should you use than for a job application: resume or CV? Well, typically, on job applications, they’ll state clearing whether you should apply with either a resume or CV. If it’s not specified, then you should email the company and clarify with them which one they’d prefer.
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